Forex Glossary

stock exchange

For example, in the USD/GBP pairing, the GBP is the quote currency. A graph that breaks down the movements of a particular currency that have occurred within a single trading day. Within a currency pair, the first currency listed is known as the “base currency”. For example, when it comes to the GBP/USD pairing, the GBP functions as the base currency.


The amount that a dealer is permitted to trade in a given currency. The amount that one bank is prepared to trade with another. An order to buy or sell a specified amount of a security at a specified price or better. A measure of economic activity which tends to change after change has occurred in the overall economy e.g. The risk inherent in placing funds in the Centre where they will be under the jurisdiction of a foreign legal authority. A term describing the expected effect of a devaluation on a country’s trade balance.

Federal Open Market Committee

Conversely, a potential sell signal is in place when there is a negative divergence and RVI is in extreme overbought territory. Identifies investment potential by studying unquantifiable factors that affect the market movement, such as traders’ sentiment, Psychology and behavior. A Continuation price pattern composed of a small symmetrical triangle, preceded by an almost straight-line move called a flagpole.

What Is SMC (Smart Money Concepts) Forex Strategy? – EarnForex News

What Is SMC (Smart Money Concepts) Forex Strategy?.

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Trading in CFDs carry a high level of risk thus may not be appropriate for all investors. If you are new to Forex, then learning how to read a price action chart can be incredibly confusing. I am using all aspects of technical analysis and price action in my trading with a goal to help you learn to do the same. This generally refers to a central bank buying its own government’s bonds and can take various forms.

Economic calendar

Technical Analysis – The technical approach uses tools, technical indicators, formulas and patterns on charts, in order to predict future trends and changes in currencies. It analyzes the trends and not the reasons why they happen. Spread – The spread is the difference between the bid and ask price of a currency, commodity or index.

The is headquartered in New Zealand which explains why it has flown under the radar for a few years but it is a great broker that is now building a global following. The BlackBull Markets site is intuitive and easy to use, making it an ideal choice for beginners. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.

A price formation that signifies the end of a trend in one direction and the beginning of a new trend in the opposite direction. The most popular reversal pattern is “Head and Shoulders”. A potential buy signal is triggered when there is a positive divergence between the oscillator and price, especially when RVI is in extreme oversold territory.

Support level definition

Also referred to a ‘Take Profit’ order when applied to an open trade, because it automates closure at a favorable price. Federal Open Market Committee – the policy-making body of the Federal Reserve. The process of deliberately depreciating a currency’s value. An governmental or part-governmental institution that manages a state’s financial policy. Examples include the European Central Bank, the Bank of England, or the US Federal Reserve. In Alpari’s Forex glossary you will always be able to find the terms, meanings, and definitions you’re looking for.


Here, you will see the top 100 forex terms and its definition. From Pips to leverage, from bulls to bears, everything you need to know in the Foreign exchange market. First of all, there are fewer rules, which means investors aren’t held to strict standards or regulations like those in the stock, futures, andoptions markets. There are noclearing housesand no central bodies that oversee the forex market.

An oscillator at extreme high conditions can be an alert for a reversal. Oscillators usually give false signals in the beginning of a trend as they move too fast in the overbought area. A position taken on a financial instrument that is subject to profits or losses. The number of contracts multiplied by the market price of the underlying financial instrument.

The oldest price is then dropped (i.e. discarded from the calculation) and the same formula is applied to the next prices. A price move is registered as a “brick” in the direction of the trend, as long as the move is equal to the box size, i.e. the minimum amount. A reversal to the downside takes place when a black box emerges after a series of white bricks. Conversely, a reversal to the upside takes place when a white brick is registered after a series of black bricks. The concept of box size helps to smooth out “noise” as price movements less than the box size are not registered.

Currency Cross Pairs

The third is a candle that opens in the real body of the previous candle and closes within the gap without filling it completely. The first and second are long black candles with a gap in between them. The third is a white candle that opens in the real body of the previous candle and closes above the gap, filling it completely.

One of the main keys for success in is to eliminate emotions while trading. An experienced trader knows how to trade while in a proper state of mind. Priced In – „Priced in” refers to a situation in which all the publicly available information, forecasts, and predictions have already been taken into account by an asset. However, the market can reverse in the wake of other factual information. Marabuzo – A common type of candlestick characterized by a full body, with no shadows. Expert Advisor – The expert adviser is an add-on in our trading software called Metatrader 4.

  • The lowest bottom is known as the Head, where the bottom to the left is known as the Left Shoulder and the bottom to the right is known as the Right Shoulder.
  • The points serve as trailing stop loss and trailing take profit.
  • The small body and the absence of a lower shadow reveals the weakness of the bears who are unable to maintain the downward move.
  • A currency is always traded relative to another currency.

In bar charting, an inside day is defined as a bar with lower high and higher low compared to the previous bar. A sustained increase in the price of goods and services that reduces the purchasing power of money. Automated trading, placing a big number of trades on high volumes and speed. Investment funds that invest in a wide range of assets to reduce risk.

However, the Bretton Woods agreement did not take into account the fact that countries would seek to accumulate as big a dollar reserve as possible. This meant that the US could be put in a situation where it couldn’t cover the reserves using its gold. When Western Germany and France began to exchange their dollar reserves for gold in 1971 the US abandoned the obligations that they had assumed since 1944. Break is used to signify the sharp rise and fall of prices.

Bitcoin A digital currency that follows the ideas outlined in a whitepaper by Satoshi Nakamoto. Introduced in 2009, it offers lower transaction fees and is managed by a decentralized authority. Bond A debt instrument released by a firm or government, which seeks to generate capital to fund their activities or projects by borrowing. In exchange of capital, the entity needs to repay the principal plus interest within a specified time period . Also referred to as the pound, the currency is presented with the symbol £ and is comprised of 100 pence. Broker The market participating body which serves as the middleman between retail traders and larger commercial institutions.

Currencies have limited movement from the central rate according to the relevant band. A procedure for settling futures contract where the cash difference between the future and the market price is paid instead of physical delivery. The price of a financial instrument at which the option buyer recovers the premium. An exchange rate system where a country’s exchange rate is “pegged” (i.e. fixed) in relation to another currency.

This usually constitutes a direct entering of the market, which can then increase the level of control that nation has over the currency exchange rate. Similar to a daily chart, a forex chart is a digital chart that highlights points and price movements related to a currency pair. Forex charts can usually be extended to cover days, weeks, months, and even years. At best An instruction given to a dealer to buy or sell at the best rate that can be obtained at a specific time. At or better An instruction given to a dealer to buy or sell at a specific price or better. AUS 200 A term for the Australian Securities Exchange , which is an index of the top 200 companies listed on the Australian stock exchange.

The Chicago Mercantile Exchange’s Eurodollar contract has the world’s largest open interest. Buying and selling in the foreign exchange market always happens in the currency which is quoted first. Traders buy when they expect a currency’s value to rise and sell when they expect a currency to fall. This glossary covers the basics of forex terminology, but there is plenty more to learn! We recommend familiarizing yourself with basic trading concepts and general economic trends in order to build strong foundations for your forex strategy. If you’re ready to dive into the detail, head over to our other articles to understand more about economic and technical indicators.

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